The main distinction in an adoption is whether it is open or closed. This refers to whether the birth parents and the adoptive parents have any contact with or knowledge about each other. The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services handle most closed adoptions in the state, and the adoption is completely anonymous with no contact between the birth parents and the adoptive parents and child. In an open adoption, the adoptive parents raise the child, but the birth parents can visit and spend time with the child.
Some Texas residents may be familiar with the issues surrounding inaccurate birth dates in adoption cases. If a child whose true birth date differs from their reported one, he or she may encounter improper school placement and perhaps an inability to verify their identity. According to one adoptive parent, the problem seems particularly notable for children born in Russia or China.